The Department of Energy’s Aquatic Species Program had two levels. One level consisted of collection, screening, and characterization. The second was biochemistry and physiology of lipid production. The reasons for using algal biomass are high lipid content, being able to use non-arable land and any kind of water, no competition with food, feed, or fiber. Additionally, there is potential to displace significant U.S. petroleum fuel usage. NREL currently has 18 programs dealing with development of algal biomass at the moment.
Session 4.06: Development of Algal Biomass Feedstocks for the Production of Advanced High Energy Density Biofuels