Craig Venter institute claimed ownership of a synthetic free-living organism . The organism created by these essential genes is also capable of growing and replicating. His team is trying to create a synthetic organism with a minimal genome. These genes were removed from Mycoplasma genitalium bacterium. The minimum amount of genes taken from this bacterium allowed the microbe to grow and replicate. The team was able to remove 101 of 482 genes from M. genitalium without killing the organism. The Venter institute is trying to create an organism that can help with the reduction of green house gases and the production of biofuel.