In this article from the Washington Times the point about developing a second generation bio-fuel to combat things such as, “ethical questions regarding long-term sustainability of crop production land; transportation costs; the use of food stocks as a transportation fuel; and the increased consumer costs associated with diverting corn away from meat and dairy production.” Like the second generation Ipod, bio-fuels need to last longer and run more efficiently. There needs to be a mass movement away from corn-based ethanol and in the direction of cellulosic fuel. One acre of corn produces 400 gallons of ethanol. On the other hand 1 ton of biomass can produce 100 gallons of ethanol and there is more than 1 billion tons of biomass in the US.
The article also references a cellulosic fuel producer Coskata Inc. that has recently formed a partnership with General Motors in order to help with its flex fuel program. The company says that because of the low costs of production the company hopes that it will cost $1 to make. Through the partnership the two firms, GM and Coskata, hope that at the fuel pump the price will be at least a $1 less than fuel prices.